Thailand mandates TIS 685-1:2562 (2019) as the new standard for toy safety. This standard will become mandatory on September 22, 2022.

SAFEGUARDS | Toys & Juvenile ProductsNO. 045/22

 SG 04522 Kid Playing with his Toys

On March 25, 2022, Thailand’s Ministry of Industry issued a Ministerial Regulation in the Government Gazette (Volume 139, Chapter 19a, Page 4) to mandate TIS 685-1:2562 (2019) as the new standard for toys, including toy components and accessories, that are intended for use in play by children under 14 years of age. This standard was established on the basis of input from academics, manufacturers, users and the following documents:

  • ISO 8124-1:2018 ‘Safety of toys – Part 1: Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties
  • ISO 8124-2:2014 ‘Safety of toys – Part 2: Flammability’
  • ISO 8124-3:2010 And 1:2018 ‘Safety of toys – Part 3: Migration of certain elements’
  • ISO 8124-6:2018   ‘Safety of toys – Part 6: Certain phthalate esters in toys and children’s products’
  • EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018 ‘Safety of toys – Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties’
  • AS 1647.2:1992 ‘Children’s toys (safety requirements) Part 2: Constructional Requirements

In additional to providing a list of products that are not considered as toys, TIS 685-1:2562 (2019) specifies requirements for labeling, physical and mechanical properties, flammability and chemicals. It contains, among other things, a number of important changes for chemicals. These include:

  • Replacing two sets of limits for the migration of eight soluble elements with three sets (see Table 1 below):
    • Finger paints are separated from modeling clay and have their own set of limits
    • ‘Textiles’ is included in the set of limits for ‘Coatings, writing materials, plastics, paper and paperboard’
  • New requirements for phthalates in plastic, coating and rubber materials in two categories of toys using ISO 8124-6 (see Table 2 below)

According to the Ministerial Regulation, the standard will become mandatory on September 22, 2022.

Highlights of the requirements for soluble elements and phthalates in the new standard are summarized in Tables 1 and 2.

TIS 685 Part-1: 2562   (2019): Toys: Safety Requirements: Part 1 – Requirements
Table 2 (as per standard text)

Soluble Element

Requirement

Coatings, writing materials, plastics, paper and paperboard, and textiles

Modelling clay 

Finger paints

Antimony
≤ 60 mg/kg
≤ 60 mg/kg
≤ 10 mg/kg
Arsenic
≤ 25 mg/kg
≤ 25 mg/kg
≤ 10 mg/kg
Barium
≤ 1,000 mg/kg
≤ 250 mg/kg
≤ 350 mg/kg
Cadmium
≤ 75 mg/kg
≤ 50 mg/kg
≤ 15 mg/kg
Chromium
≤ 60 mg/kg
≤ 25 mg/kg
≤ 25 mg/kg
Lead
≤ 90 mg/kg
≤ 90 mg/kg
≤ 25 mg/kg
Mercury
≤ 60 mg/kg
≤ 25 mg/kg
≤ 10 mg/kg
Selenium ≤ 500 mg/kg ≤ 500 mg/kg
≤ 50 mg/kg 

Table 1

TIS 685 Part-1: 2562 (2019): Toys: Safety Requirements: Part 1 – Requirements
Table 3 (as per standard text)

Scope

Requirement

Toys ≤ 0.1% sum of BBP, DBP and DEHP
Toys for children under three years of age containing parts that can be placed in the mouth ≤ 0.1% sum of BBP, DBP, DEHP, DIDP, DINP and DNOP

Table 2

Definitions

Item

Abbreviation

Phthalate

1 BBP
Benzyl butyl phthalate 
2 DBP
Di-n-butyl phthalate 
3 DEHP
Bis-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 
4 DIDP
Di-iso-decyl phthalate
5 DNOP
Di-n-octyl phthalate 
6 DINP
Di-iso-nonyl phthalate 

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Dr. Hingwo Tsang
Global Information and Innovation Manager
t: (+852) 2774 7420

Rutchuporn Moungsom
Hardlines/Toys Laboratory Manager
t: +66 2 294 7485 

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