What are you looking for?

EU Regulates Formaldehyde in Articles under REACH

SafeGuardSHardgoods, Toys and Juvenile Products, Automotive, Electrical & Electronics, Personal and Protective Equipment, SoftlinesJuly 21, 2023

SG 91/23 

The EU has issued legislation to regulate formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasing substances in articles. The new law will be implemented in phases, starting August 6, 2026.

On July 17, 2023, the European Union (EU) issued Regulation (EU) 2023/1464 (the Regulation) to regulate formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasing substances in articles.

The Regulation contains, inter alia, several important points and provisions. It:

  • Creates new entry 77 to Annex XVII of Regulation (EC) 1907/2006 (Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals, Annex XVII of REACH, consolidated version to June 2023)
  • Details the test methods for formaldehyde emissions from articles and the interior of vehicles
  • Exempts certain products (see Table 1)
  • Emphasizes that toys for children of all ages are within the scope of restrictions (preamble, point 36)

 Highlights of the Regulation are summarized in Table 1.

Regulation (EU) 2023/1464 of July 14, 2023, amending Annex XVII of REACH as regards formaldehyde and formaldehyde releasers, Official Journal of the EU, July 17, 2023

ScopeRequirementMethodEffective Date
Furniture and wood-based articles*≤ 0.062 mg/m3Chamber method as described in Appendix 14, paragraph 1After August 6, 2026
Articles other than furniture and wood-based articles*≤ 0.080 mg/m3
Interior of road vehicles, including trucks and buses**≤ 0.062 mg/m3Ambient mode according to ISO 12219-1 or ISO 12219-10 (see Appendix 14, paragraph 2)After August 6, 2027


  1. Articles in which formaldehyde or formaldehyde releasing substances are exclusively naturally present in the materials from which the articles are manufactured
  2. Articles exclusively for outdoor use under foreseeable conditions
  3. Articles in constructions, that are exclusively used outside the building shell and vapor barrier and that do not emit formaldehyde into indoor air
  4. Articles exclusively for industrial or professional use unless formaldehyde released from these leads to exposure of the general public under foreseeable conditions of use
  5. Articles falling under the scope of entry 72 to Annex XVII of REACH
  6. Biocidal products (Regulation (EU) 528/2012)
  7. Medical devices (Regulation (EU) 2017/745)
  8. Personal protective equipment (Regulation (EU) 2016/425)
  9. Food contact materials and articles (Regulation (EU) 1935/2004)
  10. Second-hand articles
  1. Road vehicles exclusively for industrial and professional use, unless the concentration of formaldehyde in the interior of those vehicles leads to exposure of the general public under foreseeable conditions of use
  2. Second-hand vehicles

Table 1

SGS keeps interested parties informed about the latest developments relating to the REACH regulation. Our expertise, combined with consultancy services and experience in consumer product supply chains, provides a central point of contact for global solutions. Discover more on our website and contact us if you would like to learn more about how SGS can support your REACH compliance activities. In the end, it’s only trusted because it’s tested.

© SGS Société Générale de Surveillance SA. This publication or website is a property of SGS Société Générale de Surveillance SA. All contents including website designs, text, and graphics contained herein are owned by or licensed to SGS Société Générale de Surveillance SA. The information provided is for technical and general information purposes only and offers no legal advice. The information is no substitute for professional legal advice to ensure compliance with the applicable laws and regulations. All information is provided in good faith “as is”, and SGS Société Générale de Surveillance SA makes no representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied, and does not warrant that the information will be error-free or meet any particular criteria of performance or quality.

Related Services

For further information, please contact:

HingWo Tsang

Dr. HingWo Tsang

Global Information and Innovation Manager

News & Insights

  • SGS SafeGuardS

1 Place des Alpes,

P.O. Box 2152, 1211,

Geneva, Switzerland