The EU has expanded the scope of restrictions on PAHs under entry 50 to Annex XVII of REACH. The new restrictions will become effective on August 10, 2022.

SAFEGUARDS | HardgoodsNO. 103/21

 SG 10321 Turf Pitch

On July 21, 2021, the European Union (EU) published Regulation (EU) 2021/1199 to expand the scope of restriction of the eight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) falling under entry 50 to Annex XVII of Regulation (EC) 1907/2006 on Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH, consolidated version to July 5, 2021). The new law regulates those eight PAHs in granules and mulches – products that are classified as mixtures within Article 3(2) of REACH and are currently not within the scope of restrictions under that entry.

According to the amendment, ‘Granules’, ‘Mulches’, ‘Infill material in synthetic turf pitches’ and ‘Use in loose form on playgrounds or in sport applications’ have the following meaning:

  • ‘Granules’ are mixtures that appear as 1 to 4 mm solid particles, which are made from rubber or other vulcanized or polymeric material of recycled or virgin origin, or obtained from a natural source
  • ‘Mulches’ are mixtures that appear as 4 to 130 mm (length) by 10 to 15 mm (width) flake-shaped solid particles, which are made from rubber or other vulcanized or polymeric material of recycled or virgin origin, or obtained from a natural source
  • ‘Infill material in synthetic turf pitches’ consists of granules used in synthetic turf pitches to improve the sport technical performance characteristics of the turf system 
  • ‘Use in loose form on playgrounds or in sport applications’ is any use of granules or mulches in loose form on playgrounds or for sport purposes other than as infill material in synthetic turf pitches

Per the new law, granules or mulches that are in use in the Union on August 9, 2022, as infill material in synthetic turf pitches or in loose form on playgrounds or in sport applications may remain in place and continue to be used for this same purpose.

Highlights of the new law are summarized in Table 1.

Regulation (EU) 2021/1199 Amending Entry 50 to Annex XVII of Regulation 1907/2006 (REACH) as Regards PAHs in Granules or Mulches Used as Infill Material in Synthetic Turf Pitches or in Loose Form on Playgrounds or in Sport Applications

Substance

Scope

Requirement

Effective Date

Eight PAHs:
BaP, BeP, 
BaA, CHR, 
BbFA, BjFA, 
BkFA & DBAhA1

Granules or mulches:

  • As infill material 
    in synthetic turf 
    pitches
  • In loose form on 
    playgrounds or in 
    sport applications2

≤ 20 mg/kg 
(sum of eight PAHs) 
and marked with a 
unique identification 
number of the batch

August 10, 2022 
(placing on the 
market or use) 

1BaP (Benzo[a]pyrene), BeP (Benzo[e]pyrene), BaA (Benzo[a]anthracene), CHR (Chrysene), BbFA (Benzo[b]fluoranthene), BjFA (Benzo[j]fluoranthene), BkFA (Benzo[k]fluoranthene) and DBAhA (Dibenzo[a,h]fluoranthene)
2Examples from the preamble include golf courses, athletic arenas, horse arena footings, natural trails or shooting ranges

Table 1

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