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Ukraine Strengthens Chemical Safety on Toys

SafeGuardSToys and Juvenile ProductsApril 21, 2021

Ukraine has further aligned its chemical safety on toys with those in the European Union (EU). The amendment will become effective on October 3, 2021.

In 2018, Ukraine published Resolution 151 of February 28 on ‘Technical Regulations on the Safety of Toys, a piece of legislation where the safety requirements are essentially similar to those in Directive 2009/48/EC in the EU (Toy Safety Directive, TSD, consolidated to November 2019).

On April 3, 2021 Ukraine published Resolution No. 282 of March 31, 2021 to amend its ‘Technical Regulations on the Safety of Toys’. The latest amendment further aligns the chemical requirements with those in the TSD.

The new law contains, inter alia, several important changes. It:

  • Strengthens the migration of aluminum 2.5-fold for all three categories of toy materials
  • Strengthens the migration of chromium (VI) approximately 4-fold for category III toy materials
  • Adds three levels of requirements for formaldehyde (migration, emission and content) in toys for children under 36 months or in other toys intended to be placed in the mouth:
    • ≤ 1.5 mg/l for formaldehyde migration in polymeric materials
    • ≤ 0.1 ml/m³ for formaldehyde emission in resin -bonded wood
    • ≤ 30 mg/kg for formaldehyde content in each of textile, leather and paper materials
    • ≤ 10 mg/kg for formaldehyde content in water-based toys 
  • Made editorial changes for better clarity 

Highlights of the migration limits for aluminum and chromium (VI) between Resolution No 151 of 2018 and the latest amendment are summarized in Table 1. 

Point 25 to Table 3 IN Annex 2 of ‘Technical Regulations on the Safety of Toys’
Migration Limits for Aluminum and Chromium (VI) (Toy Material)
Soluble elementResolution No. 282 of March 31, 2021 amending Resolution No. 151 of 28 February 2018 Resolution No. 151 of 28 February 2018 
2,250 mg/kg (category I)
560 mg/kg (category II)
28,130 mg/kg (category III)
5,625 mg/kg (category I)
1,406 mg/kg (category II)
70,000 mg/kg (category III)
Chromium (VI)
0.053 mg/kg (category III)
0.2 mg/kg (category III)
Effective DateOctober 3, 2021In force

Table 1 

Definitions and examples of toy materials

Toy MaterialExample
Category I:
Dry, brittle, powder-like or pliable
  • Chalk, compressed paint tablets, crayons, plaster of Paris, magic sand, modeling compounds and plasticine
  • Oven hardened PVC modeling compounds and bouncing putties
Category II:
Liquid or sticky toy 
  • Bubble solutions, finger paints, liquid adhesives, poster paints and slimes
Category III:
  • Ceramics, glass, metals and metal alloys, textiles and wood
  • Elastomers, leatherettes, polymers and surface coating materials
  • Other materials such as bones, leather and natural sponges

SGS offers a wide range of services to ensure that your products comply with the EU Toy Safety Directive. We offer training, safety/risk assessment, technical documentation check, labelling review, testing according to harmonized standards, SVHC screening, inspections and audits. We operate the world’s largest network of toy experts and testing facilities – around 20 toy laboratories worldwide, including 3 EU Notified Bodies (France, Germany and Netherlands). In the end, it’s only trusted because it’s tested. Contact us for more information or visit our website

For enquiries, please contact:

Hingwo Tsang
Global Information and Innovation Manager
t: (+852) 2774 7420  

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