Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) Develop Vehicle Interior Air Quality (VIAQ) Standards
An alliance between Renault and Nissan has developed a new standard for volatile organic compound (VOC) testing of the materials used in vehicle interiors, using the micro-scale chamber method.
SAFEGUARDS | AutomotiveNO. 027/21
Under everyday environmental conditions the trim materials used in vehicles, like plastics and polymers, textiles, foams, and adhesives can release substances that have the potential to affect the health of any occupants. For this reason, car manufacturers have decided to develop their own standards to check Vehicle Interior Air Quality (VIAQ).
Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) Renault and Nissan have established a new standard, RNES-B-20116 (previously D493018 for Renault and M0402 for Nissan), for VOC and formaldehyde testing on materials. Samples were tested directly by GC-MS or HPLC, without sampling. Going forward, sampling will be done using a micro-scale chamber.
A sample of the test material is placed into a micro-scale chamber (different testing volumes are possible) so that only the emitting surface is exposed. VOC are swept onto a sorbent-packed tube in a flow of clean and humidified air at ambient (or more elevated) temperature. Then the tubes are analyzed using TD-GC-MS.
SGS owns several micro-scale chambers across its worldwide network – in France, Germany, India, China, Thailand, and South Korea – to enable compliance with this new standard, RNES-B-20116, and other standards like ISO12219-3, ISO16000-25, Jaguar TPJLR 52.104 and FCA CS-13398.
SGS in France is now approved to conduct testing against the RNES-B-20116 standard and can deliver Renault accredited testing reports.
In addition to this VOC testing on materials, SGS can also provide VOC testing on parts complying with:
- ISOs 12219-4, ISO 12219-5, 12219-6, and 12219-7
- VDA 276-1 and VDA 276-2
- VW PV3942
- PORSCHE PN780
- BMW GS97014-2, GS97014-3, and GS97014-4
- Volvo VCS1027,2729
- PPV 4050/VW 96390
- PPV 8041/VW 96423
- HYUNDAI MS300-57
- Suzuki SESN2403
- Mazda MESCF080 & MES CF090
- Honda 0094Z-T7S-0001
- Mitsubishi ES X83252
- Toyota TSM 0508G
- GEELY Q/JLY J7110274B
- FAW Q/CAM-502.1&Q/CAM-502.2
- GAC QJ/GAC 1550.002
- Changan VS-01.00-T-14016-A6
- GWM Q/CC SY248
- Dongfeng EQCL 4008
and on vehicles complying with:
- ISO 12219-1
- HJ/T 400
- JAMA Report 98
- FAT AK26
- ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/207/10 (Stand 03.2017)
- MLTM NOT. 649/2009 (MOLIT NOT. 2013-549)
- VW PV3938.
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