Several bills to regulate flame retardants in specific consumer products have recently been published. The scope of restriction or prohibition is specific to the proposal.

SAFEGUARDS | Consumer ProductsNO. 017/21

 SG 01721 Living Room

Over the years, flame retardants (FRs) have increasingly been regulated due to their toxic effects and negative impacts on the environment. 

In the U.S., a host of jurisdictions across the nation have implemented measures to regulate flame retardants in consumer products, including California, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, San Francisco (California), Vermont, Washington and Washington D.C. The restricted or prohibited flame retardants and the scope of regulated products are specific to each of these jurisdictions. Additionally, the states of Maine, Oregon, Vermont, and Washington require disclosure information on some flame retardants in children’s products.

Since the beginning of 2021, several bills have been published to restrict flame retardants in a variety of products. These include children’s products, residential upholstered furniture, mattresses and electronic enclosures.

It is important to note that the language in a bill may change as it proceeds through the legislature. 

Highlights of these bills are summarized in Table 1.

Jurisdiction (Bill) Scope Requirement Proposed Effective Date
(HB 77)
  • Residential upholstered furniture
  • Products for children under 12 that are primarily intended for use in homes
≤ 0.1% each of TBB, antimony, TBPH, SCCP, Deca-BDE, HBCD, TBBPA, TDCPP, TCEP and TCPP and
≤ 0.1% of a mixture containing 1 or more of the above FRs
July 1, 2021
  • Mattresses
  • Electronic enclosures
≤ 0.1% of an organo-halogenated FR and ≤ 0.1% of a mixture containing 1 or more organo-halogenated FR July 1, 2021
New York 
  • Residential upholstered furniture
Prohibits halogenated FRs and phosphorus-bromine FRs
July 1, 2022
New York
  • Residential upholstered furniture*
Prohibits halogenated FRs and phosphorus-bromine FRs
July 1, 2022
*Certify to meet open flame flammability standard from December 1, 2024

Table 1


Entry Flame Retardant Abbreviation  CAS No 
 1  2-Ethylhexyl-2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate  TBB  183658-27-7
 2  Antimony  ---  7440-36-0
 3  Bis(2-ethylhexyl)-3,4,5,6-tetrabromophthalate  TBPH  26040-51-7
 4  Short Chain Chlorinated Paraffins  SCCP  85535-84-8
 5  Decabromodiphenyl ether  Deca-BDE  1163-19-5
 6  Hexabromocyclododecane  HBCD  25637-99-4
 7  Tetrabromobisphenol A  TBBPA  79-94-7
 8  Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate  TCEP  115-96-8
 9  Tris(1-chloro-2-propyl) phosphate  TCPP  13674-84-5
 10  Tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate  TDCPP  13674-87-8

SGS is committed to providing information about development in regulations for consumer products as complimentary services. Through a global network of laboratories, SGS provides a wide range of services including physical/mechanical testing, analytical testing and consultancy work for technical and non-technical parameters applicable to a comprehensive range of consumer products. In the end, it’s only trusted because it’s tested. Contact us for more information or visit our website. 

For enquiries, please contact:

Hingwo Tsang
Global Information and Innovation Manager
t: (+852) 2774 7420

Stay on top of regulatory changes within your industry: subscribe to SafeGuardS!

Read more articles for the Consumer Goods and Retail industry

© SGS Group Management SA - 2021 - All rights reserved - SGS is a registered trademark of SGS Group Management SA. This is a publication of SGS, except for 3rd parties’ contents submitted or licensed for use by SGS. SGS neither endorses nor disapproves said 3rd parties contents. This publication is intended to provide technical information and shall not be considered an exhaustive treatment of any subject treated. It is strictly educational and does not replace any legal requirements or applicable regulations. It is not intended to constitute consulting or professional advice. The information contained herein is provided “as is” and SGS does not warrant that it will be error-free or will meet any particular criteria of performance or quality. Do not quote or refer any information herein without SGS’s prior written consent.