SAFEGUARDS | Toys & Juvenile ProductsNO. 141/20
In 2018, Ukraine approved its ‘Technical Regulations on the Safety of Toys’ (‘Technical Regulations’) – a piece of legislation that is largely similar to Directive 2009/48/EC, the European Toy Safety Directive (TSD, SafeGuardS 52/18).
On September 15, 2020, the Ukrainian Ministry for Development of Economy, Trade and Agriculture published its ‘Draft Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine On Amendments to the Technical Regulations for Toy Safety’ to amend and further align its Technical Regulations with those in the TSD.
This draft law contains, inter alia, several important changes. It:
- Strengthens the migration of aluminum 2.5-fold for all three categories of toy materials
- Strengthens the migration of chromium (VI) approximately 4-fold for category III toy materials
- Adds three levels of requirement for formaldehyde (migration, emission and content) in toys for children under 36 months or in other toys intended to be placed in the mouth:
- ≤ 1.5 mg/l for formaldehyde migration in polymeric materials
- ≤ 0.1 ml/m³ for formaldehyde emission in resin-bonded wood
- ≤ 30 mg/kg for formaldehyde content in each of textile, leather and paper materials
- ≤ 10 mg/kg for formaldehyde content in water-based toys
Highlights of the draft resolution on aluminum and chromium (VI) migration limits and a comparison with their corresponding limits in the ‘Technical Regulations’ are summarized in Table 1.
|Point 25 to Table 3 in Annex 2 of the ‘Technical Regulations’
Migration Limits for Aluminum and Chromium (VI) (Toy Material)
|Soluble element||Draft Resolution to Amend ‘Technical Regulations’||‘Technical Regulations’
||2,250 mg/kg (category I)
560 mg/kg for (category II)
28,130 (category III)
|5,625 mg/kg (category I)
1,406 mg/kg (category II)
70, 000 mg/kg (category III)
||0.053 mg/kg (category III)
||0.2 mg/kg (category III)
|Effective Date||6 months from publication in Official Journal||In force
Definitions and examples of toy materials
Dry, brittle, powder-like or pliable
Liquid or sticky toy
|Bubble solutions, finger paints, liquid adhesives, poster paints and slimes.|
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