The US CPSC has published the final rule to incorporate the latest version of the ASTM standard for Gates and Enclosures.

SAFEGUARDS | Consumer ProductsNO. 113/20

Depiction of a Safety Gate in Place

On July 6, 2020, the US Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC) has published the final rule, 16 CFR 1239, establishing a safety standard for Gates and Enclosures. The rule incorporates the latest version ASTM F1004-19, Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Expansion Gates and Expandable Enclosures with modification and will become effective on July 6, 2021.

The standard defines:

  • Expansion gates as a “barrier intended to be erected in an opening, such as a doorway, to prevent the passage of young children, but which can be removed by older persons who are able to operate the locking mechanism”
  • Expandable enclosures as a “self-supporting barrier intended to completely surround an area or play-space within which a young child may be confined”

The following are modifications to ASTM F1004-19:

  • Changed the definition for the word “conspicuous” in section 3.1.3
  • Added “visual side-pressure indicator” and “side pressure” definitions (sections 3.1.16 and 3.1.17)
  • Added section 6.8, performance requirements for visual side-pressure indicators
  • Changed section, horizontal push-out test procedure
  • Changed Note 11 regarding “address” verbiage in section 8.5
  • Excluded section 8.5.3, requirement regarding wall cups or other hardware to meet section 6.3.1 requirements
  • Added section 8.5.8, warning statement requirements for pressure-mounted gates that provide wall cups or other mounting hardware to meet section 6.3 requirements
  • Added section 9.5, instructional literature requirements for pressure-mounted gates with visual side-pressure indicators
  • Added section X1.2.5.4, rationale for visual side-pressure indicators requirement in 6.8

Copies of the standard can be purchased at

Download Final rule 16 CFR 1239 >


SGS has dedicated experts and services to assist you in the development of juvenile products and childcare articles. SGS offers physical/mechanical tests, chemical tests, packaging evaluation and inspections to ensure the compliance of your products in target markets.

Armed with a worldwide network of laboratories in the United States, China, Taiwan and Vietnam, SGS offers comprehensive testing capabilities against US standards and regulations, offering a one stop service to the juvenile products industry.

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Piyush Shah
SGS Consumer and Retail
Technical Director (Hardlines)
t: +1 (973) 461-7953

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