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Turkey aligns its Toy Safety Regulation with many provisions from the European Toy Safety Directive. The requirements for chemicals will become effective on December 24, 2020.

SAFEGUARDS | Toys & Juvenile ProductsNO. 004/20

 SG 00420 Toy

In October 2016, Turkey published its Toy Safety Regulation (Oyuncak Güvenliği Yönetmeliği (OGY)) under Number 29847 in the Resmi Gazete. That piece of legislation is essentially based on the European Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC (TSD).
 
Since its publication, the OGY has been revised to include many of the amended provisions from the TSD, including the use of nickel in toys or toy components made of stainless steel and toy components intended to conduct an electric current, as well as restricting nine specific chemicals in toys intended for children under 36 months or other toys intended to be placed in the mouth (SafeGuardS 63/17).
 
On December 24, 2019, Turkey published Regulation Number 30988 to strengthen the OGY and to further align its requirements with the TSD. The latest revision contains, inter alia, several important changes:
  1. Strengthening the migration limit for chromium (VI) in category III toy materials
  2. Strengthening the migration limits for lead in all three categories of toy materials
  3. Strengthening the migration limit for bisphenol A (BPA) in toys intended for children under 36 months or other toys intended to be placed in the mouth
  4. Addition of phenol content to the same scope of toys as for BPA above
  5. Clarifying ‘aquatic toys’ are ‘water-based toys’, including hobby paints, finger paints, window/glass paints, glues and soap bubbles

There are two effective dates:

  • December 24, 2019 for provisions other than points 1 to 4 above
  • December 24, 2020 for points 1 to 4 above

Highlights of the requirements for chromium (VI) and lead, as well as BPA and phenol are summarized in Tables 1 and 2 below.

Regulation Number 30988 of December 24, 2019 amending Article 12 to Section III of Chemical Properties in Annex 2 of the Toy Safety Regulation, T. C. Resmi Gazete
Soluble
Element
Migration Limit from Toy Material Effective Date
Category I
(Dry, brittle, powder like or pliable)
(mg/kg)
Category II
(Liquid or Sticky)
(mg/kg)
Category III
(Scraped-Off)
(mg/kg)
Chromium (VI)
[existing limit]
0.02
[0.02]
0.005
[0.005]
0.053
[0.2]
 
December 24, 2020
Lead
[existing limit]
2.0
[13.5]
0.5
[3.4]
23
[160]

Table 1

Regulation Number 30988 of December 24, 2019 amending Part C to Annex 2 of the Toy Safety Regulation, December 24, 2019, T. C. Resmi Gazete
Substance Scope
Method
Unless stated, requirement is migration value
Effective Date
BPA
[existing requirement]
  • Toys intended for children under 36 months
  • Other toys intended to be placed in the mouth 
TS EN 71
Parts 10-11
≤ 0.04 mg/L
[≤ 0.1 mg/L]
December 24,
2020
 
Phenol
≤ 5 mg/L from polymeric materials
≤ 10 mg/kg total content as a preservative

Table 2

Definitions and Examples of Toy Materials 
Toy Material
Example
Category I:
Dry, brittle, powder-like or pliable
  • Chalk, compressed paint tablets, crayons, plaster of Paris, magic sand, modeling compounds and plasticine
  • Oven hardened PVC modeling compounds and bouncing putties
Category II:
Liquid or sticky toy
  •  Bubble solutions, finger paints, liquid adhesives, poster paints and slimes
Category III:
Scraped-off
  • Ceramics, glass, metals and metal alloys, textiles and wood 
  • Elastomers, leatherettes, polymers and surface coating materials
  • Other materials such as bones, leather and natural sponges

SGS offers a wide range of services to ensure that your products comply with the EU Toy Safety Directive. We offer training, safety/risk assessment, technical documentation check, labelling review, testing according to harmonized standards, SVHC screening, inspections and audits. With the largest global network of toy experts and testing facilities around the world - around 20 toy labs worldwide including 3 EU Notified Bodies (France, Germany and Netherlands), SGS is the partner to trust. Please do not hesitate to contact us for further information or visit our website.

Next Step

Stakeholders are advised to comply with the latest toy safety requirements for Turkey. 

For enquiries, please contact:

Hingwo Tsang
Global Information and Innovation Manager
Tel:(+852) 2774 7420

Yeşim Demir Katipoğlu
HL Sales Team Leader
Tel: +90 212 368 40 00 (Ext 4205)

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