SAFEGUARDS | Softlines NO. 120/17

SafeGuardS woven clothes

China National Standardization Technical Committees for garments has set a national standard GB/T 33271-2016 <Woven garments for Infants>, which was implemented on July 1, 2017. It is the first national product standard for woven garments for infants.

With the improvement in people's living standards, parents are paying more attention to the clothes their children wear. The children's clothing market is one of the fastest developing consumer markets in China in recent years and the safety and quality of the clothing is becoming increasingly more important for society as a whole.

Under such circumstances, the China National Standardization Technical Committee for garments set a national standard GB/T 33271-2016 <Woven garments for Infants>, which was implemented on July 1, 2017. This new standard was based on FZ/T 81014-2008 <Infant’s wear>. It is designed to ensure the health and safety of infants, standardize the production and sales of woven garments for infants, protect the legal rights and interests of consumers and provide full-scale guidance to the woven garments industry for future development.

The significant technical points of GB/T 33271-2016 are summarized below.

1. Scope

This standard is applicable to woven garments for infants. This standard is also applicable for other products made of woven fabrics such as caps, gloves, hosiery, bibs and other infants’ products., The scope for this standard is more extensive than the scope of FZ/T 81014-2008 <Infant’s wear>.

2. Quality Level

This standard includes three quality levels, superior grade, first grade and qualified grade. This enables companies to choose the suitable quality level based on their product’s quality.

3. Definition of Woven Garments for Infants

Woven garments worn or used by infants aged up to and including 36 months are covered by this standard. This is a larger age range than was defined in FZ/T 81014-2008 <Infant’s wear>.

4. Safety Specifications for Cords and Drawstrings on Infant’s Clothing

GB/T 33271-2016 added the safety specifications for cords and drawstrings on infant’s clothing. The safety specifications for cords and drawstrings must comply with the requirements of GB/T 22702 <Standard safety size for drawstrings on children’s upper wear> and GB/T 22705 <Safety specifications for cords and drawstrings on children’s clothing>.

5. Physical and Chemical Properties

Table 1 Physical and Chemical Properties

Items Superior
Fiber content/% Shall comply with the requirement of GB/T 29862
Formaldehyde content /(mg/kg)
Shall comply with the Category A requirement of GB 18401
pH value
Decomposable carcinogenic arylamines dyes /(mg/kg)

Dimensional change after washing/% ≥

Chest girth


Top length
Trouser length, skirt length



Colorfastness of shell and lining/Grade ≥

Washing (Color Change, Staining)


Saliva (Color Change, Staining)


Perspiration (Color Change, Staining)


Water (Color Change, Staining)


Rubbing Dry rubbing 4 4 4
Wet rubbing 4 3-4 3
Sewn strength of clothing belts/N ≥ 70
Removal force of attached components Max. Dimension>6mm, 70N

No detachment and damage; No breakage and tear of fabric

3mm<Max. Dimension≤6mm, 50N
Burning behaviour a Class I (Normal Flammability)
Heavy metal b/(mg/kg) ≤ Pb 90
Cd 100



Extractable heavy metal content/(mg/kg) ≤




Shall comply with the infant’s requirement of GB/T 21295








Cr VIc

Phthalates d/% ≤

Note: It is not recommended to apply flame-retardants or anti-bacterial treatments on infants’ textile products. If flame-retardant or anti-bacterial treatments are applied, the products need to comply with the requirements of relevant national regulations and mandatory standards.

a Requirements of burning behaviour is only for the outer-layer fabrics of the product. There are no requirements for fabrics made with a single type of fibre including wool, acrylic, modified acrylic, polyamide, polypropylene or polyester, as well as fabrics made from two or more of these fibres. There are no requirements for fabrics with mass per unit areas greater than 90 g/m2.

b The test result of heavy metal is expressed by the total amount of lead and cadmium. Requirements are only for fabrics with coatings, fabrics printed and dyed without dyestuff, plastic (rubber) attached components, and surface coatings of attached components/accessories.

c Requirements only for leather products.

d Requirements only for fabrics with coatings, fabrics printed and dyed without dyestuff, plastic (rubber) attached components, and surface coatings of attached components/accessories. The detailed name list of the phthalates refers to Annex B of GB/T 33271-2016.

Compared with FZ/T 81014-2008 <Infant’s wear>,GB/T 33271-2016 includes the test items of burning behaviour, heavy metal and phthalates and keeps them in line with GB 31701-2015 Safety technical code for infants and children textile products. For extractable heavy metal content, five heavy metals have been added, including Co, Ni, Sb, Cd and Cr VI. Other requirements for items are basically the same as FZ/T 81014-2008 (for colorfastness to wet rubbing of dark color products, qualified grade of FZ/T 81014-2008 is grade 2-3).

6.Appearance Quality and Other Content

For more information, please refer to the original file of GB/T 33271-2016 <Woven garments for infants> or contact SGS directly.

SGS Global Softlines has an extensive network of over 40 laboratories worldwide, with a strong team of committed professionals from multi-disciplinary backgrounds. Our internationally accredited state-of-the-art testing laboratories offer a comprehensive range of physical, chemical and functional testing services for components, materials and finished products. We help your company ensure quality, performance and compliance with international, industrial and regulatory standards worldwide. Discover more at

For enquiries, please contact:

Louann Spirito
Director Technical Support, Softlines
t: +1 973 461 7919

Stay on top of regulatory changes within your industry: subscribe to SafeGuardS!

Read more articles for the Consumer Goods and Retail industry

© SGS Group Management SA - 2017 - All rights reserved - SGS is a registered trademark of SGS Group Management SA. This is a publication of SGS, except for 3rd parties’ contents submitted or licensed for use by SGS. SGS neither endorses nor disapproves said 3rd parties contents. This publication is intended to provide technical information and shall not be considered an exhaustive treatment of any subject treated. It is strictly educational and does not replace any legal requirements or applicable regulations. It is not intended to constitute consulting or professional advice. The information contained herein is provided “as is” and SGS does not warrant that it will be error-free or will meet any particular criteria of performance or quality. Do not quote or refer any information herein without SGS’s prior written consent.