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In the past 18 months electric scooters (e-scooters) have gained a significant foothold in the marketplace and can now be found in over 100 major cities around the world.

Two lady driving an E-scooter

This is a prime example of the shifting trend towards people wanting convenient, shared and sustainable vehicles. At the same time, there are question marks over the safety of e-scooters. How can manufacturers ensure the products they supply are safe?

The increasing popularity of e-scooters has been matched by a rise in the number of newspaper headlines reporting accidents involving their use. Safety measures have not always kept pace with demand and technological advances. To counter this, regulations and guidelines are being created to help keep people safe.

A key component of the e-scooter, and one that can often be the source of trouble, is the battery. Concerns about the safety of lithium-ion batteries are well documented. The risks associated with their use can, however, be minimized if the products are tested and certified to the correct standard.

ANSI/CAN/UL 2272

The ANSI/CAN/UL 2272 – Standard for Electrical Systems for Personal E-Mobility Devices – was written specifically for electrical systems in personal e-mobility devices, including electric scooters and hoverboards. It includes provisions that ensure a battery can operate safely in a variety of temperatures, as well as its recharging capability. Utilizing this test, in combination with the UN 38.3 lithium-ion transportation test, will create a much safer product. The fact that the battery technology in an e-scooter has been tested and certified to operate safely in a variety of conditions can then be promoted to consumers.

UL 2849

In the United States, regulation of the overall safety of an e-scooter comes under UL 2849 – Outline of Investigation for Electric Bicycles, Electrically Power Assisted Cycles (EPAC Bicycles), Electric Scooters, and Electric Motorcycles. This standard dissects the e-scooter, making sure all the electrical components work well together. It also ensures all electric components have been tested and certified to the correct standard. It has been noted that one subpar component in an electric scooter can cause the vehicle to fail on the road, thereby creating an accident.

In the European Union and Australia, EN 15194 is the equivalent standard used to regulate and certify electric vehicles.

Performance Testing

Manufactures can also undertake a variety of performance tests on their e-scooters. These go beyond the basic testing and certification requirements needed for access to the market. They allow manufacturers to prove their products are high quality and perform to the highest standards.

To demonstrate an e-scooter can perform safely in all weather conditions, wet room tests can be performed on all electrical components, including the charging stations. Since these products may also be used in ways other than the designated use, manufacturers might also like to subject their products to failure testing, to see how far they can be pushed and the positive consequences for doing so.

SGS Solution

We provide a range of services to help e-scooter manufacturers and suppliers ensure their products are safe and comply with all relevant legislation. In addition to regulatory standards, we also provide a variety of supplementary tests to help manufacturers ensure their products are performing at the highest standards. Utilizing our rigorous testing and certification process, manufacturers can be sure their products are safe, high quality, and will conform to the regulatory requirements of their target market.

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For more information, please contact:

John Ciliege
Global Head of NRTL
t: 770 570 1800