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Italy has revised its food contact regulation on food contact plastic resins and stainless steels. The Decree for stainless steels became effective in August 2019.

SAFEGUARDS | Hardgoods NO. 134/19

SafeguardS Stainless Steel Kitchenware

Since the beginning of 2019, Italy’s Ministry of Health has published two amendments to its Decree of the Minister for Health of March 21, 1973 on ‘Hygiene rules for packaging, containers and utensils intended to come into contact with foodstuffs or personal use products’ (Ministerial Decree 3.21.1973).

These revisions are under the following pieces of legislation:

  • Decree No. 30 of February 7, 2019 amending ‘Annex II Section 1: Plastics, Part A – Resins’ by adding N, N, N', N'-tetrakis(2-hydroxyethyl) adipamide as a new entry for certain uses to the authorized list of substances for the preparation of articles intended to come into contact with food. This became effective on April 24, 2019
  • Decree No. 72 of May 9, 2019 amending Section 6 to Annex II by expanding the list of authorized food contact stainless steels from 42 to 50 and updating the list of unintentionally added elements that are allowed. These became effective on August 16, 2019

The previous amendment to food contact stainless steels was Decree No. 140 of November 11, 2013.

According to Decree No. 72 of May 9, 2019, each type of food contact stainless steel is indicated by abbreviations characterizing the chemical composition according to UNIEN 10088-1:2014, AISI manual August 1985, the technical specifications under ASTM and/or the UNS designations.

Highlights of the eight newly added food contact stainless steels falling under Decree No. 72 of May 9, 2019, are summarized in Table 1.

Decree No. 72 of May 9, 2019 amending Decree of the Minister for Health of March 21, 1973 on ‘Hygiene rules for packaging, containers and utensils intended to come into contact with foodstuffs or personal use products, limited to stainless steels’
UNI EN 10088-1 AISI/ASTM UNS
Numerical designation Alphanumeric designation
1.4598 ---
AISI
316LK#
---
1.4611
X2CrTi 21
-
-
-
1.4613
X2CrTi 24
-
-
-
1.4618
X9CrMnNiCu17-8-5-2
-
-
-
1.4547
X1CrNiMoCuN20-18-7
-
-
S31254
-
X2CrNiMnMoCuN21-3-1-1
-
-
S82031
-
X2CrMnNiMoCuN20-3-1-1
-
-
S82012
-
X2CrNiMoN 21-9-1
ASTM
-
S31655
#Subject to articles manufactured exclusively for valve components/parts in contact with water

Table 1.

Per Decree No. 72 of May 9, 2019, stainless steels in Section 6 to Annex II (list of approved stainless steels for food contact) without designations by European or International standards may contain unintentionally added elements subject to meeting the migration limits in Article 36 of Ministerial Decree 3.21.1973. The maximum concentration of these elements and conditions of use are summarized in Table 2.

Table of Elements

Table 2

Definitions

Item Chemical Symbol Element Item Chemical Symbol Element Item Chemical Symbol Element
1 C Carbon 6 N Nitrogen 11 Si Silicon
2 Cr Chromium 7 Nb Niobium 12 Sn Tin (Stannum)
3 Cu Copper 8 Ni Nickel 13 Ti Titanium
4 Mn Manganese
9 P Phosphorus 14 V Vanadium
5 Mo Molybdenum 10 S Sulfur 15 W Tungsten (Wolfram)

AISI – American Iron and Steel Institute
ASTM – American Society for Testing and Materials
UNIEN 10088-1:2014 ‘Stainless Steels Part 1 – List of Stainless Steels’
UNS – Unified Numbering System

SGS technical experts have extensive knowledge and testing experience in materials and articles in contact with food. They work to ensure that your products meet the appropriate regulations for food contact materials and pave the way for compliance. From overall migration test to expert advices on emerging regulations and compliance issues and documentation review, SGS is the partner to trust. Please do not hesitate to contact us for further information or visit our website.

Next Step

Stakeholders are advised to comply with the latest food contact requirements for Italy.

For enquiries, please contact:

Hingwo Tsang
Global Information and Innovation Manager
t: (+852) 2774 7420

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