India Publishes New Legislation on Food Contact Materials and Articles
India has published a completely new piece of legislation to regulate food contact materials and articles. The new law will become effective on July 1, 2019.
SAFEGUARDS | Hardgoods NO. 019/19
In December 2018, the Indian Ministry of Health and Family Welfare published the ‘Food Safety and Standards (Packaging) Regulations, 2018 (1), to regulate food contact materials and articles (FCM). This new piece of legislation replaces all provisions relating to packaging requirements under the ‘Food Safety and Standards (Packaging and Labelling) Regulations, 2011’.
The new law contains a number of important provisions. These include, inter alia, the following:
Specifying a list of Indian Standards (IS) for specific applications in food contact paper and board, metal and metal alloys, and plastics (Schedules I to III)
Specifying a list of suggestive packaging materials for certain product categories of food (Schedule IV)
≤ 60 mg/kg or ≤ 10 mg/dm² for overall migration and with no visible color migration for food contact plastics
Requiring food contact plastics to comply with the specific migration of seven heavy metals (Table 1, see Table 1 below). These migration limits are identical to those in Regulation (EU) 10/2011 (2) as originally published
Prohibition of recycled plastics for the manufacture of food contact materials and articles
Allowing the use of appropriate International Standards where Indian Standards are not available
Specifying the use of IS 15495 for printing inks for use on FCM
Requiring all business operators to obtain the certificate of conformity issued by laboratories accredited by the National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL)
The new law will become effective on July 1, 2019.
Highlights of the requirements for the specific migration of heavy metals in food contact plastics are summarized in Table 1.
|Food Safety and Standards (Packaging) Regulations, 2018,
Table 1 ‘Requirements for Specific Migration Limits of Substances from Plastic Materials Intended to be in Contact with Articles of Food
The Gazette of India, Number 535, December 24, 2018
|Item||Heavy Metal||Specific migration requirement||Item||Heavy Metal||Specific migration requirement|
|1||Barium||≤ 1.0 mg/kg||5||Lithium||≤ 0.6 mg/kg|
|2||Cobalt||≤ 0.05 mg/kg||6||Manganese||≤ 0.6 mg/kg|
|3||Copper||≤ 5.0 mg/kg||7||Zinc||≤ 25.0 mg/kg|
|4||Iron||≤ 48.0 mg/kg|
Stakeholders are advised to comply with the latest requirements for food contact materials and articles for India.
SGS technical experts have extensive knowledge and testing experience in materials and articles in contact with food. They work to ensure that your products meet the appropriate regulations for food contact materials and pave the way for compliance. From overall migration test to expert advices on emerging regulations and compliance issues and documentation review, SGS is the partner to trust. Please do not hesitate to contact us for further information or visit our website.
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