EU Proposes to Restrict Formaldehyde in Certain Toys
The EU is proposing to restrict formaldehyde in specific toy materials under Appendix C to the Toy Safety Directive. The restrictions could become effective at the end of 2020.
SAFEGUARDS | Toys & Juvenile Products NO. 009/19
In December 2018, the World Trade Organization (WTO) circulated a notification announcing a proposal from the European Union (EU) to restrict formaldehyde in specific toy materials under Appendix C to Annex II of Directive 2009/48/EC, the Toy Safety Directive (TSD). The draft Directive , attached to WTO document number 18-7997 and notified under G/TBT/N/EU/635 , would expand the number of substances in Appendix C to the TSD from 10 to 11, and establish three levels of formaldehyde restriction (migration, emission and content).
According to the WTO notification, the draft Directive is proposed to be adopted in Q2 of 2019 and the proposed date of entry into force is Q4 of 2020 (18 months after publication in the Official Journal of the EU).
Highlights of the draft Directive are summarized in Table 1.
|WTO Document Number 18-7997 of December 18, 2018
Draft Directive to Amend Appendix C under Annex II of the TSD
'Toys intended for children under 36 months or other toys intended to be placed in the mouth'
|Substance||Method (Preamble)||Toy material||Requirement|
|Formaldehyde migration||EN 71-10:2005 and
|Polymeric||≤ 1.5 mg/L|
|Formaldehyde emission||EN 717-1:2004||Resin-bonded wood||≤ 0.1 mL/m³|
|Formaldehyde content||EN ISO 14184-1:2011||Textiles||≤ 30 mg/kg|
|EN ISO 17726-1:2008||Leather||≤ 30 mg/kg|
|EN 645:1993 and EN 1541:2001||Paper||≤ 30 mg/kg|
|EQDM method*||Water-based||≤10 mg/kg|
|*Determination of free formaldehyde in cosmetic products by the European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines & Healthcare|
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