Turkey Proposes Legislation for Food Contact Plastics
Turkey is proposing a specific piece of legislation for food contact plastics. If published in the official journal, the provisions will become effective on January 1, 2021.
SAFEGUARDS | Hardlines NO. 162/18
In April 2018, Turkey published Regulation number 30382 on food contact materials and articles (Safeguard 62/18 ). This framework legislation established 17 categories of food contact materials and articles and contains, inter alia, provisions for food contact paper and board, metals and alloys, as well as colorants/dyes for plastics.
In November 2018, the World Trade Organization (WTO) circulated a notification from Turkey announcing its proposal on a specific piece of legislation on food contact plastics. The draft legislation  and its annexes , attached to WTO document number 18-7183  and notified under G/SPS/N/TUR/105, would create a new set of requirements for food contact plastics. The proposal contains, among other things, the following provisions:
- Scope of food contact plastics
- List of materials that are exempt from the scope of food contact plastics
- Union list of authorized substances (Annex 1, Table 1)
- Specific migration limits for nine heavy metals (Annex 2, see number 6 in Table 1 below)
- Conformity analysis (Annex 4)
- Fat Reduction Factor (FRF) correction for specific migration in foods containing more than 20% fat
According to the WTO document, the proposed date of adoption and publication of this proposal is February 1, 2019.
The requirements in the proposal are consistent with many of the provisions for food contact plastics under Regulation (EU) 10/2011 in the European Union (EU). If published in the T.C. Resmi Gazete, it will repeal Regulation number 28710 of July 17, 2013 (Communiqué No. 2013/34 ) on food contact plastics and the provisions will become effective on January 1, 2021.
Highlights of the proposal are summarized in Table 1.
|2||Exemption||Ion exchange resins, rubber and silicones|
|3||Union list of authorized substances||Contains more than 1,000 entries|
|4||Overall migration limit (OML)||≤ 10 mg/dm² otherwise ≤ 60 mg/kg for food contact plastics for infants and young children|
|5||Specific migration limits (SML, Annex 1, Table 1)||Representative examples:
≤ 0.3 mg/kg for dibutyl phthalate (DBP)
≤ 30 mg/kg for benzylbutyl phthalate (BBP)
≤ 1.5 mg/kg for bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)
Not detected for dially phthalate (DAP)
|6||Specific migration limits (SML, Annex 2)||Heavy Metals:
≤ 1 mg/kg (aluminum (Al))
≤ 1 mg/kg (barium (Ba))
≤ 0.05 mg/kg (cobalt (Co))
≤ 5 mg/kg (copper (Cu))
≤ 48 mg/kg (iron (Fe))
≤ 0.6 mg/kg (lithium (Li))
≤ 0.6 mg/kg (manganese (Mn))
≤ 0.02 mg/kg (nickel (Ni))
≤ 5 mg/kg (zinc (Zn))
|7||Declaration of compliance (DoC)||DoC to be drawn up in accordance with Annex 3|
|8||Supporting documents||Demonstration that materials and articles, products from intermediate stages of their manufacturing as well as substances intended for the manufacturing of those materials and articles made available to business operators and authorities on request|
SGS technical experts have extensive knowledge and testing experience in materials and articles in contact with food. They work to ensure that your products meet the appropriate regulations for food contact materials and pave the way for compliance. From overall migration test to expert advices on emerging regulations and compliance issues and documentation review, SGS is the partner to trust. Please do not hesitate to contact us for further information or visit our website.
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