CEN has published EN 71-3:2013+A3:2018 for the migration of certain elements in toys. Conflicting national standards are to be withdrawn by December 2018 at the very latest.

SAFEGUARDS | Toys & Juvenile Products NO. 102/18

SafeGuardS orig train toys

In June 2018, the European Committee for Standardization (Comité Européen de Normalisation, CEN [1]) published EN 71-3:2013+A3:2018, the new toy safety standard for ‘Migration of certain elements’. The important change in EN 71-3:2013+A3:2018 is the adoption of strengthened limits for lead migration [2] from Directive (EU) 2017/738 [3], amending Directive 2009/48/EC. The new limits will become effective on October 28, 2018.

According to EN 71-3:2013+A3:2018, this standard will be given the status of a national standard by December 2018 and conflicting standards are to be withdrawn by this date at the very latest. This standard is expected to be harmonized under Directive 2009/48/EC, the so-called Toy Safety Directive (TSD), upon official acceptance by the European Commission (EC) and by publication in the Official Journal of the European Union (OJEU).

Highlights of the changes for lead migration between the A2 and A3 versions of EN 71-3:2013 are summarized in Table 1.

Migration Limit for Lead (mg/kg)
Toy Material
Table 2 in version of EN 71-3:2013
Category I
(Dry, brittle, powder like or pliable)
Category II
(Liquid or sticky)
Category III

0.5* 23*
*Effective October 28, 2018 (Directive (EU) 2017/738)

Table 1


Toy Material Category Toy material Example
I Dry, brittle, powder-like or pliable
  • Chalk, compressed paint tablets, crayons, plaster of Paris, magic sand, modelling compounds and plasticine
  • Oven hardened PVC modeling compounds and bouncing putties
II Liquid or sticky toy
  • Bubble solutions, finger paints, liquid adhesives, poster paints and slime
III Scraped-off
  • Ceramics, glass, metals & metal alloys, textiles and wood
  • Elastomers, leatherettes, polymers and surface coating materials
  • Other materials such as bone, leather and natural sponge

Table 2

Next step:

Stakeholders are advised to comply with the latest requirements for toys for the EU market.

SGS offers a wide range of services to ensure that your products comply with the EU Toy Safety Directive. We offer training, safety/risk assessment, technical documentation check, labelling review, testing according to harmonized standards, SVHC screening, inspections and audits. With the largest global network of toy experts and testing facilities around the world - around 20 toy labs worldwide including 3 EU Notified Bodies (France, Germany and Netherlands), SGS is the partner to trust. Please do not hesitate to contact us for further information or visit our website

For enquiries, please contact:

Hingwo Tsang
Global Information and Innovation Manager
t: +852 2774 7420

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