On June 14, 2018, the US FDA issued guidance to the industry that allows food products with eight isolated or synthetic non-digestible carbohydrates to be listed as dietary fiber on the nutrition and supplement facts panel.

SAFEGUARDS | Food NO. 095/18

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The US FDA reviewed twenty-six non-digestible carbohydrates and approved seven ingredients and one category of non-digestible carbohydrates as dietary fiber for inclusion on the panel. These are:

  1. Mixed plant cell wall fibers (examples – apple fibers, bamboo fibers, barley fibers, carrot fibers, citrus fibers, cocoa fibers, corn fibers, cotton seed fibers, oat fibers, pea fibers, rice bran fibers, spy fibers, sugar beet fibers, sugar cane fibers and wheat fibers) [1]
  2. Arabinoxylan
  3. Alginate
  4. Inulin and inulin-type fructans
  5. High amylose starch (resistant starch 2)
  6. Galactooligosaccharide
  7. Polydextrose
  8. Resistant maltodextrin/dextrin

Caloric value is to be 2 kilo-calorie (kcal) / gram (g), except for polydextrose for which the US FDA will issue a proposed amendment to the regulation for a caloric value of 1 kcal/g. Now included under the definition of a dietary fiber, these ingredients can be listed as part of the amount of dietary fiber and total carbohydrates on the nutrition and supplement facts panel for food products.

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