US EPA Revises Voluntary Consensus Standards for Formaldehyde Emission in Composite Wood
The US EPA has recently published a Direct Final Rule (DFR) to revise the voluntary consensus standards for formaldehyde emission in composite wood. Unless adverse comments are received, the DFR will become effective on December 11, 2017.
SAFEGUARDS | Hardlines NO. 165/17
In July 2010, President Obama signed the Formaldehyde Standards for Composite Wood Products Act (the Act) into law. This landmark piece of legislation amended the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) and directed the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to develop regulations to implement the Act.
Since publication of the Final Rule  in December 2016, the EPA has made a number of important changes to the Act. These include, among other things, the following:
Permitting early labeling of compliant composite wood products 
Extending the compliance dates for composite wood 
On October 25, 2017, EPA published a DFR  to update the references for multiple voluntary consensus standards that were incorporated in the formaldehyde standards for composite wood products final rule of December 2016 (81 FR 89674) . All other standards related to formaldehyde emission standards of the final rule will continue to be incorporated by reference accordingly, and any future versions would be considered in a later rulemaking. The major changes in this DFR, among other things, include the following:
Updating 14 standards (See Table 1) to reflect the current editions that are in use by the composite wood industry
Allowing the correlation of tests conducted through quality control methods to either ASTM E1333-14 or, upon a showing of equivalence, ASTM D6007-14
Unless adverse comments are received by November 9, 2017, this DFR will become effective on December 11, 2017.
Details of the current and new standards are summarized in Table 1.
(81 FR 89674)
(Effective December 11, 2017 if no adverse comments)
|1||ANSI/AITC A190.1-2002||ANSI A190.1-2017|
|2||ASNI A208.1-2009||ANSI A208.1-2016|
|3||ANSI A208.2-2009||ANSI A208.2-2016|
|4||ANSI-HPVA HP-1-2009||ANSI-HPVA HP-1-2016|
|5||ASTM D5055-05||ASTM D5055-16|
|6||ASTM D5456-06||ASTM D5456-14b|
|7||ASTM D5582-00||ASTM D5582-14|
|8||ASTM D6007-02||ASTM D6007-14|
|9||ASTM E1333-10||ASTM E1333-14|
|10||BS EN 717-2:1995||BS EN ISO 12460-3:2015|
|11||BS EN 120:1992||BS EN ISO 12460-5:2015|
|12||JIS A1460:2001(E)||JIS A1460:2015|
|1||ANSI/AITC A190.1-2002||American National Standard for Structural Glued Laminated Timber|
|ASNI A190.1-2017||Standard for Wood Products-Structural Glued Laminated Timber|
|American National Standard for Particleboard|
|American National Standard for Medium Density Fiberboard for Interior Applications|
|American National Standard for Hardwood and Decorative Plywood|
|Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists|
|Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products|
|Standard Test Method for Determining Formaldehyde Levels from Wood Products Using a Desiccator|
|Standard Test Method for Determining Formaldehyde Concentrations in Air from Wood Products Using a Small-Scale Chamber|
|Standard Test Method for Determining Formaldehyde Concentration in Air and Emission Rates from Wood Products Using a Large Chamber|
|10||BS EN 717-2:1995||Wood-Based Panels-Determination of formaldehyde release – Part 2: Formaldehyde release by the gas analysis method|
|BS EN ISO 12460-3:2015||Wood-Based Panels-Determination of formaldehyde release – Part 3: Gas analysis method|
|11||BS EN 120:1992||Wood-based panels. Determination of formaldehyde content – Extraction method called the perforator method|
|BS EN ISO 12460-5:2015||Wood-based panels-Determination of formaldehyde release. Part 5: Extraction method (called the perforator method)|
|12||JIS A1460:2001(E)||Building boards-determination of formaldehyde emission-Desiccator method|
|JIS A1460:2015||Determination of the emission of formaldehyde from building boards-Desiccator method|
|Performance Standard for Wood-Based Structural-Use Panels|
Throughout our global network of Third Party Certification laboratories, we can provide a range of services, including certification, analytical testing and consultancy for formaldehyde emissions in composite wood products for California, the US and worldwide markets. Please do not hesitate to contact us for further information.
Stakeholders are advised to comply with the latest requirements for composite wood products and finished goods under the Act for the US market.
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