SAFEGUARDS | Food NO. 068/16

SafeGuardS Roast chicken

Effective May 11 2016, the United States Department of Agricultural Food Safety Inspection Service (USDA FSIS) is enforcing its new microbial performance standard for all raw comminuted (ground) chicken and turkey and for raw chicken parts. [1] This is being done in order to reduce the incidence of Salmonella and Campylobacter in or on these products, therefore reducing the potential of illnesses associated with these microorganisms.

Table 1

Product Maximum Acceptable Percent Positive Performance Standard*
Salmonella Campylobacter Salmonella Campylobacter
Comminuted Chicken (325g sample) 25.0 1.9 13 of 52 1 of 52
Comminuted Turkey (325g sample) 13.5 1.9 7 of 52 1 of 52
Chicken Parts (4lb sample) 15.4 7.7 8 of 52 4 of 52

*The USDA FSIS intends to interpret results within a moving window when there are fewer than 52 samples. This will be achieved by establishing, a number of positive samples(s) permitted that would meet still the performance standards:

       (s-1)/n < p <= (s/n)

  • Number if positives (s)

  • Maximum positive in % (p)

  • Number of samples in the time window (n)

This microbial testing does not have to be performed by a USDA accredited lab, but should be performed by an ISO 17025 accredited laboratory.

In order to assess the process control, the USDA FSIS may sample at least once per week depending on the volume and history of compliance. The USDA FSIS will attempt to collect the samples as listed in Table 2 on an annual basis.

Table 2.

Product Minimum number of samples to assess process control in a moving window
Salmonella Campylobacter
Broiler Carcass 11 10
Turkey Carcass 14 19
Comminuted Chicken 10 52
Comminuted Turkey 10 52
Chicken Parts 10 13

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