Indonesia Food Safety Control on Importation and Exportation of Fresh Food of Plant Origin
SAFEGUARDS | Food NO. 016/16
On February 17, 2015 the Republic of Indonesia published the regulation of Minister of Agriculture 04/Permentan/PP.340/2/2015 , known as the Food Safety Control on Importation and Exportation of Fresh Food of Plant Origin, MoA regulation 04/2015. This regulation simplifies the importation and exportation process for certain fresh foods, so that the evaluation of food safety is performed prior to its arrival at the Indonesian border.
The new regulation requires this food safety evaluation to be performed by recognized countries, or registered laboratories in the exporting country. Additionally, it updates the maximum limits for certain chemical and biological hazards  and, overall, strengthens consumer protection. When this regulation becomes effective, on February 17, 2016 the previous regulation, MoA Regulation 88/2011, will be revoked.
Fresh Food of Plant Origin is defined as food of plant origin that has not been processed, readily consumed, minimally processed, and/or as a raw material for food processing/manufacturing. 103 items are affected by the new regulation. These include fruits, vegetables, grains, nuts, pulses and some estate crops such as cocoa, coffee, sugar, tea, peppers and olives. The chemical hazards included are pesticide residues, heavy metals (cadmium and lead) and mycotoxins (aflatoxin and orchratoxin A), and the biological hazards are salmonella and E. coli.
Currently, four countries have a recognized food safety system; they are Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States of America. These countries have applied and been approved by the Indonesian Agricultural Quarantine Agency (IAQA). For suppliers in countries that have not been recognized, the National Food Safety Competent Authority in that country must submit an application to have laboratories recognized.
Once deemed ‘recognized’ laboratories will test product in the country of origin, prior to it being shipped to Indonesia, and a certificate of analysis from this recognized lab would be submitted as part of the prior notification process.
For recognized countries and laboratories, the recognition duration period is three years. This may be extended by an application for extension in the last six months.
Whether a product is imported via either a recognized country or laboratory, the IAQA will perform random inspection, sampling and laboratory testing as part of its monitoring program. In the event that non-conformances are noted three times during the random monitoring program a country or laboratory may have its ‘recognition’ suspended or revoked. While a country and laboratory can re-obtain recognition, no product can be shipped from that country to Indonesia and no certificate of analysis will be accepted, until the recognition process has been completed.
Exports of these items from Indonesia shall be accompanied by a certificate or document showing that the item complies with the regulatory requirements of the destination country as issued by accredited laboratories, accredited certification bodies or regional safety competent authority.
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