SAFEGUARDS | Hardgoods, Toys & Juvenile Products NO. 148/15

The World Trade Organization (WTO) has circulated a proposal from China to adopt a new version of GB 18584 for chemicals in indoor wooden furniture. The proposed date of entry into force is the second quarter of 2016.

On 22 July 2015, the WTO circulated a proposal [1] from the Standardization Administration of China (SAC) to adopt a new version of GB 18584 for indoor wooden furniture. This new standard:

  • Sets emission limits for volatile organic chemicals (VOCs)
  • Sets migration limits for heavy metals and
  • Mandates the use of GB/T 31106-2014 (Testing for VOCs in furniture), GB/T 31107 (Testing conditions for chamber in testing VOCs in furniture) and GB 6675.4-2014 (Toy safety - migration of certain elements)    

According to the notification in document number 15-3746, the proposed date of adoption is 90 days after circulation by the WTO and the proposed date of entry into force is 6 months after the date of adoption; second quarter (Q2) of 2016.

Highlights of the proposed new standard, GB18584 - - XX XX, are summarized in Table 1.

Table 1

GB 18584 - - XX XX

Limits on the Level of Volatile Organic Compounds and the Migration of Heavy Metals in Wooden Furniture






Proposed date of entry into force

Volatile organic chemicals (VOCs)

Indoor wooden furniture

GB /T 31107 and

GB/T 31106-2014

≤ 0.11 mg/m³ (benzene)

≤ 0.10 mg/m³ (formaldehyde)

≤ 0.20 mg/m³ (toluene)

≤ 0.20 mg/m³ (xylene)

≤ 0.60 mg/m³ (TVOC)

Q2, 2016

Heavy metal migration

Coatings on indoor wooden furniture

GB 6675.4-2014

≤ 75 mg/kg (cadmium)

≤ 60 mg/kg (chromium)

≤ 90 mg/kg (lead)

≤ 60 mg/kg (mercury)

At SGS our services enable you to deliver well - designed, functional, durable and safe products to your customers. We have the furniture industry, regulatory and technical expertise to check your products’ compliance against relevant standards and /or your own specifications. Please do not hesitate to contact us for further information or visit our website.

For enquiries, please contact:

Hing Wo Tsang
Global Toys and Juvenile Products
t: +852 2774 7420

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