Shine a light on candle and candle accessory regulation

Christmas, Diwali and Hanukkah are just some of the seasonal celebrations and religious festivals that would not be the same without candles, but naked flames and domestic life do not always mix. Candles and candle accessories pose a risk to property and people. You can reduce risk by ensuring products comply with international standards.

Accounts of candle use date back to ancient times. Indeed, the candle has brought illumination and pleasure to many, but also remains one of the leading causes of household fires, damaging property and injuring people, sometimes fatally.

Safe celebration

Candles as Christmas decorations, in holders and candelabra, such as the Menorah, or the oil in the traditional clay lamps for Diwali, all pose a risk. The most common causes of candle fires and burn injuries are:

  • Excessive flame height
  • Secondary wick ignition (e.g. the wick may not be centred correctly)
  • Burn through of the side wall
  • End of life (what happens at the end of the burning process)
  • Instability of the candle, or candle accessory
  • Excessive thermal heat on candle holders
  • Lack of adequate consumer warnings

Protecting consumers must be a priority for manufacturers, buyers, importers and retailers of candles and their accessories.  International markets have developed a range of Standards and Regulations to ensure compliance, at the same time as maintaining and improving safety, including, but not exhaustively:

  • Europe: GPSD, EN 15493, EN 15494, EN 15426, EN 14059, REACH, RAL-GZ 041 Candles (Germany), French Decree 91-1175
  • USA: ASTM F2058, ASTM F2179, ASTM F2417, ASTM F2601, ASTM F2326, California Proposition 65, CONEG
  • China: QB/T 2119 Basic Candle, QB/T 2902 Art Candle, QB/T 2903 Jar Candle, GB/T 22256 Jelly Candle

Delivering compliant products from the beginning saves time and money and can be achieved by implementing effective and timely:

  • Performance testing
  • Compositional analysis
  • Restricted substances testing
  • Labelling and packaging review

Emissions testing

Often overlooked by consumers, candles burn oxygen and emit soot and other potentially harmful substances. Soot testing quantifies emissions to ensure each product meets a reasonable safety level for its intended use.

Adding value

Reducing the hazards and risks associated with candles and their accessories is about more than product testing. You will also want to ensure compliance throughout the supply chain and be confident that the factory you have selected will be able to deliver products on time and to the required safety and quality standards.

One stop solutions

Covering all candles and candle accessories, our services go beyond simple product tests and include product development, inspections as well as social accountability, environmental and manufacturing audits. Our experts can help you set up a candle programme to ensure compliance with applicable standards. We have candle and candle accessories testing facilities in Asia, Europe and USA.

Regulatory bulletins

Keep up-to-date with regulatory changes in Safeguards, a regulatory bulletin written by our experts.

For more information please contact your local SGS representative or our global team:

Michael J. Knott
Hardgoods Sales Manager
SGS North America Inc.
t: +1 973 557 7781

About SGS

SGS is the world’s leading inspection, verification, testing and certification company. SGS is recognized as the global benchmark for quality and integrity. With more than 70,000 employees, SGS operates a network of over 1,350 offices and laboratories around the world.