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A Guide to the ISO 14000 Series

Explore the ISO 14000 environmental management systems (EMS) series.

This guide will help you understand the ISO 14000 series, which specifies the requirements for effective environmental management systems in organizations. It covers establishing environmental management policies, the impacts of products and services, planning and achieving objectives, corrective actions and management review, among other aspects.

ISO 14001-14020 ISO 14021-14040 ISO 14041-14060 ISO 14061-14080 ISO 14081-14099

ISO 14001 – Environmental Management Systems (EMS) – Requirements with Guidance for Use

ISO 14001 applies to all organizations and the environmental aspects of their activities, products and services that can control or influence from a life cycle perspective. The standard specifies EMS requirements to enhance an organization’s environmental performance. With ISO 14001, organizations can learn to systematically manage the environmental responsibilities that contribute to sustainability.

ISO 14001 – Climate Change Amendment

The addition of a reference to climate change within all management systems standards operating according to Annex SL.

ISO 14002-1 – EMS – Guidelines for Using ISO 14001 to Address Environmental Aspects and Conditions within an Environmental Topic Area – Part 1: General

ISO 14002-1 provides guidelines for organizations seeking to systematically manage environmental aspects or respond to the effects of changing environmental conditions in one or more environmental topic areas, based on ISO 14001. The document also constitutes a framework for common elements of subsequent ISO 14002 series parts.

ISO 14002-2 – EMS – Guidelines for Using ISO 14001 to Address Environmental Aspects and Conditions within an Environmental Topic Area – Part 2: Water

ISO 14002-2 provides guidelines for organizations seeking to address water-related environmental aspects, impacts, conditions and the associated ISO 14001 EMS risks and opportunities. The document addresses environmental management issues related to water quantity and quality, such as water withdrawal, efficient use and discharge, as well as approaches to cope with water-related events like flooding and droughts.

ISO 14002-2 considers how water links to other environmental media and takes a holistic approach to water management due to its impacts on ecosystems, ecosystem services, related biodiversity and human life and well-being.

ISO 14002-3 – EMS – Guidelines for Using ISO 14001 to Address Environmental Aspects and Conditions within an Environmental Topic Area – Part 3: Climate

ISO 14002-3 is aimed at organizations seeking to address climate-related environmental aspects, conditions and the associated risks and opportunities in an ISO 14001 EMS.

The document addresses climate from two perspectives:

  • Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions management (mitigation)
  • Climate-related risks and opportunities (including adaptation)

ISO 14002-4 – EMS – Guidelines for Using ISO 14001 to Address Environmental Aspects and Conditions within an Environmental Topic Area – Part 4: Resources and Waste

ISO 14002-4 is aimed at organizations seeking to address resource and waste management related to environmental aspects, conditions and the associated risks and opportunities in an ISO 14001 EMS.

Aligned with ISO 14001’s life cycle perspective, the document addresses environmental aspects and associated impacts across the life cycle, including extracting, processing, using, recovering and end-of-life treatment of material resources.

ISO 14002-4 considers approaches to ensuring long-term resource availability and coping with resource scarcity. It also addresses the interconnections of material resources with the ecosystems from which they are derived, taking a systems approach to managing these resources due to their impacts on ecosystems, ecosystem services, biodiversity and human life and well-being.

ISO 14004 – EMS – General Guidelines on Implementation

ISO 14004 provides guidance on establishing, implementing, maintaining and improving a robust, credible and reliable EMS. It is aimed at organizations seeking to systematically manage their environmental responsibilities that contribute to sustainability.

The global standard helps the organization achieve its intended EMS outcomes, providing value for the environment, organization and interested parties. Consistent with the organization's environmental policy, the outcomes include:

  1. Enhanced environmental performance
  2. Fulfilling compliance obligations
  3. Achieving environmental objectives

ISO 14005 – EMS – Guidelines for a Flexible Approach to Phased Implementation

ISO 14005 provides guidelines for a phased approach for establishing, implementing, maintaining and improving an EMS to enhance an organization’s environmental performance.

The flexibility allows organizations to develop their ISO 14001 EMS at their own pace. Each phase has six consecutive stages. The system's maturity at the end of each phase can be characterized.

The guidance does not cover the elements of specific systems going beyond ISO 14001 and is not intended to provide interpretations of ISO 14001 requirements.

ISO 14006 – EMS – Guidelines for Incorporating Ecodesign

ISO 14006 provides guidelines for establishing, documenting, implementing, maintaining and continually improving an organization’s ecodesign management as part of an EMS. The document is aimed at organizations that have implemented an ISO 14001 EMS, but can help in integrating ecodesign using other management systems. ISO 14006 applies to product-related environmental aspects and activities. It does not establish specific environmental performance criteria.

ISO 14007 – Environmental Management – Guidelines for Determining Environmental Costs and Benefits

ISO 14007 provides guidelines for determining an organization’s environmental costs and the benefits associated with their environmental aspects. It addresses the organization’s dependence on the environment, such as natural resources, and the context in which it operates or is located.

Environmental costs and benefits can be expressed quantitatively, in non-monetary and monetary terms, or qualitatively. This document also provides guidance for organizations disclosing related information.

ISO 14008 – Monetary Valuation of Environmental Impacts and Related Environmental Aspects

ISO 14008 specifies a methodological framework for the monetary valuation of environmental impacts and related aspects. Environmental impacts include effects on human health and the built and natural environments. Environmental aspects include releases and the use of natural resources. The monetary valuation methods can also be used to better understand an organization’s dependence on the environment.

ISO 14009 – EMS – Guidelines for Incorporating Material Circulation in Design and Development

ISO 14009 provides guidelines for systematically establishing, documenting, implementing, maintaining and continually improving material circulation in an organization’s design and development, using an EMS framework.

The guidelines are aimed at organizations that implement an ISO 14001 EMS. ISO 14009 can help in integrating material circulation strategies in design and development when using other management systems. The document focuses on:

  1. Type and quantity of product materials
  2. Product lifetime extension
  3. Recovering products, parts and materials

ISO 14015 – Environmental Management – Guidelines for Environmental Due Diligence Assessment

ISO 14015 provides guidance on conducting an environmental due diligence (EDD) assessment through systematically identifying environmental aspects, issues and conditions, as well as determining, if appropriate, their business consequences. The document does not provide guidance on how to conduct other environmental assessments.

ISO 14016 – Environmental Management – Guidelines on Environmental Report Assurance

ISO 14016 provides principles and guidelines for assuring the environmental information an organization includes in its environmental reports. The document applies to assuring other report types in principle, provided that special consideration is paid to identifying the competence needed by the assurance provider.

ISO 14017 – Environmental Management – Requirements with Guidance for Verifying and Validating Water Statements

ISO 14017 specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for verifying and validating water statements. It applies to organizational, product and project water statement verification and validation, and can provide confidence in reported water information on a local, regional or national level. The document is program neutral. If a program applies, that program’s requirements are additional to ISO 14017’s.

ISO 14019-1 – Validate and Verify Sustainability Information – Part 1: General Principles and Requirements

ISO 14019-1 specifies the general principles and requirements for sustainability information validation and verification. It covers reporting environmental, social and governance (ESG) and other sustainability elements, and determining the categorization of quantitative and qualitative information. These principles and requirements contribute to the rules and procedures provided in validation/verification programs. The document can form the basis for validation and verification activities that support other conformity assessment schemes.

ISO 14019-2 – Validate and Verify Sustainability Information – Part 2: Verification Process

ISO 14019-2 specifies the verification process requirements for quantitative and qualitative sustainability information, including reporting environmental, social and governance (ESG) and other sustainability aspects. The international standard applies to the rules and procedures for carrying out verification by providing elements of a verification program, such as process, evidence-gathering activities and reporting.

The document addresses uncertainty in values and how to address these uncertainties. It also addresses primary and secondary data sources and how they relate to the strength of verification evidence.

ISO 14020 – Environmental Statements and Programs for Products – Principles and General Requirements

ISO 14020 specifies principles and general requirements for all product-related environmental statements and statement programs. Environmental statements result from programs and include self-declared environmental claims, ecolabels, environmental product declarations (EPDs) and footprint communications. The document is intended for use in conjunction with other ISO 14020 family standards.

ISO 14001-14020 ISO 14021-14040 ISO 14041-14060 ISO 14061-14080 ISO 14081-14099

ISO 14021 – Environmental Labels and Declarations – Self-Declared Environmental Claims (Type II Environmental Labeling)

ISO 14021 specifies requirements for self-declared product environmental claims, including statements, symbols and graphics. It further describes selected terms used in environmental claims and gives qualifications for their use.

The standard also describes a general evaluation and verification methodology for self-declared environmental claims and specific evaluation and verification methods for the selected claims. ISO 14021 does not preclude, override or, in any way, change legally required environmental information, claims, labeling or other applicable legal requirements.

ISO 14024 – Environmental Labels and Declarations – Type I Environmental Labeling – Principles and Procedures

ISO 14024 establishes the principles and procedures for developing Type I environmental labeling programs, including selecting product categories, environmental criteria and function characteristics, and for assessing and demonstrating compliance. ISO 14024 also offers certification procedures for awarding the label.

ISO 14025 – Environmental Labels and Declarations – Type III Environmental Declarations – Principles and Procedures

ISO 14025 specifies the principles and procedures for developing Type III environmental declaration programs and declarations. It specifically establishes the use of the ISO 14040 series in developing Type III environmental declaration programs and declarations. ISO 14025 establishes principles for using environmental information, in addition to ISO 14020’s.

ISO/TS 14027 – Environmental Labels and Declarations – Developing Product Category Rules

ISO/TS 14027 provides principles, requirements and guidelines for developing, reviewing, registering and updating product category rules (PCR) in a Type III environmental declaration or footprint communication program, based on life cycle assessment (LCA). It also provides guidance on how to address and integrate additional environmental information, whether or not it is based on an LCA, coherently and scientifically, according to ISO 14025.

ISO/TS 14029 – Environmental Statements and Programs for Products – Mutually Recognizing Environmental Product Declarations and Footprint Communication Programs

ISO/TS 14029 specifies requirements for mutual recognition arrangements (MRAs) and gives guidance on how to initiate developments on MRAs between environmental product declaration (EPD) and footprint communication program operators.

It addresses administrative and operational duties, through evaluating such programs, and how to communicate the results externally, as well as plans for future related activities. The document is primarily aimed at MRAs but can be a basis for bilateral agreements.

ISO 14030-1 – Environmental Performance Evaluation – Green Debt Instruments – Part 1: Process for Green Bonds

ISO 14030-1 establishes principles, requirements and guidelines for:

  1. Designating bonds that finance eligible projects, assets and supporting expenditures as “green”
  2. Managing and reporting the use of proceeds
  3. Defining, monitoring and reporting their environmental impacts
  4. Reporting to interested parties
  5. Validation and verification

The document applies to any bond issuer.

ISO 14030-2 – Environmental Performance Evaluation – Green Debt Instruments – Part 2: Process for Green Loans

ISO 14030-2 establishes principles, requirements and guidelines for:

  1. Designating “green” loans that finance eligible projects, assets and supporting expenditures
  2. Managing and reporting the use of proceeds
  3. Defining, monitoring and reporting their environmental impacts
  4. Reporting to interested parties
  5. Validation and verification

The document applies to any borrower seeking financing through a green loan for eligible green projects, assets and supporting expenditures. It also applies to lenders.

ISO 14030-3 – Environmental Performance Evaluation – Green Debt Instruments – Part 3: Taxonomy

ISO 14030-3 defines a taxonomy of eligible investment categories for designation as green debt instruments, including bonds and loans. The document categorizes economic sectors and establishes criteria for determining project, asset and supporting expenditure eligibility.

ISO 14030-4 – Environmental Performance Evaluation – Green Debt Instruments – Part 4: Verification Program Requirements

ISO 14030-4 specifies requirements for verification bodies verifying conformity to ISO 14030-1 or 2 and 3, or a suitable substitute taxonomy. Conformity to the requirements is mandatory for verifying statements made by green debt issuers, borrowers and lenders claiming their products conform to the ISO 14030 series.

ISO 14031 – Environmental Management – Environmental Performance Evaluation – Guidelines

ISO 14031 provides guidelines for designing and using environmental performance evaluation (EPE) in an organization. The document does not establish environmental performance levels and is not intended to establish other EMS conformity requirements.

The guidance can support an organization's approach to EPE, including its commitments to complying with legal and other requirements, pollution prevention and continual improvement, among other things.

ISO 14033 – Environmental Management – Quantitative Environmental Information – Guidelines and Examples

ISO 14033 provides guidelines for systematically and methodically acquiring and reviewing quantitative environmental information and systems data. It supports applying standards and reports on environmental management.

The document covers the general principles, policies, strategies and activities to obtain quantitative environmental information for internal and/or external purposes. The information is related to organizations, activities, facilities, technologies and products.

ISO 14034 – Environmental Management – Environmental Technology Verification

ISO 14034 specifies principles, procedures and requirements for environmental technology verification (ETV).

ISO 14040 – Environmental Management – Life Cycle Assessment – Principles and Framework

ISO 14040 describes the principles and framework for life cycle assessment (LCA), including:

  1. Defining the LCA goal and scope
  2. Life cycle inventory (LCI) analysis
  3. Life cycle impact assessment (LCIA)
  4. Life cycle interpretation
  5. Reporting and critical review of the LCA
  6. LCA limitations
  7. The relationship between the LCA phases
  8. Conditions for using value choices and optional elements

ISO 14040 covers LCA and LCI studies. It does not describe the LCA technique in detail, nor does it specify methodologies for individual LCA phases.

ISO 14001-14020 ISO 14021-14040 ISO 14041-14060 ISO 14061-14080 ISO 14081-14099

ISO 14044 – Environmental Management – Life Cycle Assessment – Requirements and Guidelines

ISO 14044 provides requirements and guidelines for life cycle assessment (LCA), including:

  1. The LCA goal and scope
  2. Life cycle inventory (LCI) analysis
  3. Life cycle impact assessment (LCIA)
  4. Life cycle interpretation
  5. Reporting and critically reviewing the LCA
  6. The LCA limitations
  7. The relationship between the LCA phases
  8. Conditions for using value choice and optional elements

ISO 14044 covers LCA and LCI studies.

ISO 14045 – Environmental Management – Eco-Efficiency Assessment of Product Systems – Principles, Requirements and Guidelines

ISO 14045 describes the principles, requirements and guidelines for eco-efficiency assessment for product systems, including:

  1. The eco-efficiency assessment’s goal and scope
  2. The environmental assessment
  3. The product-system-value assessment
  4. Quantifying eco-efficiency
  5. Interpretation, including quality assurance
  6. Reporting
  7. Critically reviewing the eco-efficiency assessment

ISO 14046 – Environmental Management – Water Footprint – Principles, Requirements and Guidelines

ISO 14046 specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for water footprint assessment of products, processes and organizations based on life cycle assessment (LCA).

It provides principles, requirements and guidelines for conducting and reporting a water footprint assessment as stand-alone or part of a more comprehensive environmental assessment. Only air and soil emissions that impact water quality are included, not all air and soil emissions. An assessment’s result is a single value or profile of impact indicator results.

ISO/TR 14047 – Environmental Management – Life Cycle Assessment – Illustrative Examples of Applying ISO 14044 to Impact Assessment Situations

ISO/TR 14047 provides examples to illustrate the current life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) practices according to ISO 14044. These are only some examples that could satisfy ISO 14044 provisions and reflect key LCIA elements of life cycle assessment (LCA).

ISO/TS 14048 – Environmental Management – Life Cycle Assessment – Data Documentation Format

ISO/TS 14048 provides requirements and a structure for the data documentation format. This permits transparent and unambiguous life cycle assessment (LCA) and life cycle inventory (LCI) data documentation and exchange, permitting consistent data documentation, collection reporting, calculation and quality through specifying and structuring relevant information.

The format specifies the requirements for dividing data documentation into fields, each with explanations that are further specified by the structure.

ISO/TS 14048 applies to the specification and structuring of questionnaire forms and information systems but can apply to other environmental data management aspects.

ISO/TR 14049 – Environmental Management – Life Cycle Assessment – Illustrative Examples of Applying ISO 14044 to Goal and Scope Definition, and Inventory Analysis

ISO/TR 14049 provides examples of carrying out life cycle inventory (LCI) analysis to satisfy certain ISO 14044 provisions. These are only a sample of possible cases.

ISO 14050 – Environmental Management – Vocabulary

ISO 14050 defines the terms used in documents for environmental management systems and tools supporting sustainable development. These include management systems, auditing and other assessments, communication, footprint studies, greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation and climate change adaptation.

ISO 14052 – Environmental Management – Material Flow Cost Accounting – Guidance for Practical Implementation in a Supply Chain

ISO 14052 provides guidance for implementing material flow cost accounting (MFCA) in a supply chain. MFCA traces an organization’s flows and stocks of materials, quantifying them in physical units, e.g. mass volume, and evaluates the costs of flows and energy use.

MFCA can apply to environmental management in a supply chain, upstream and downstream, and help develop an integrated approach to improving material and energy efficiency. ISO 14052 is based on MFCA principles and a general framework described in ISO 14051.

ISO 14055-1 – Environmental Management – Guidelines for Establishing Good Practices for Combatting Land Degradation and Desertification – Part 1: Good Practices Framework

ISO 14055-1 provides guidelines for establishing good land management practices to prevent or minimize degradation and desertification. It does not include coastal wetlands management.

It defines a framework for identifying good practices based on assessing the drivers of land degradation and risks associated with current and past practices. Guidance on monitoring and reporting the implementation of good practices is also provided. ISO 14055-1 is aimed at private and public sector organizations responsible for land management.

ISO/TR 14055-2 – Environmental Management – Guidelines for Establishing Good Practices for Combatting Land Degradation and Desertification – Part 2: Regional Case Studies

ISO/TR 14055-2 provides regional case studies of good land management practices to prevent or minimize degradation and desertification that support ISO 14055-1. The case studies facilitate the application of ISO 14055-1 across a range of geographical and local conditions.

ISO 14001-14020 ISO 14021-14040 ISO 14041-14060 ISO 14061-14080 ISO 14081-14099

ISO 14063 – Environmental Management – Environmental Communication – Guidelines and Examples

ISO 14063 provides guidelines on internal and external environmental communication general principles, policy, strategy and activities. It uses proven communication approaches, adapted to environmental communication. ISO 14063 can be combined with any ISO 14000 family standards or used on its own.

ISO 14064-1 – Greenhouse Gases – Part 1: Specification with Guidance at Organizational Level for Quantifying and Reporting Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals

ISO 14064-1 provides a framework for organizations to measure, manage and report their carbon footprint, aligning with global efforts to achieve net zero by 2050.

The requirements cover the design, development, management, reporting and verification of an organization’s greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory. It also provides a framework for quantifying and reporting carbon emission performance to support sustainable development through a low-carbon economy.

ISO 14064-2 – Greenhouse Gases – Part 2: Specification with Guidance at Project Level for Quantifying, Monitoring and Reporting Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions or Removal Enhancements

ISO 14064-2 specifies principles, requirements and guidance at project level for quantifying, monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction or removal enhancement activities. It includes requirements for GHG project planning, identifying and selecting GHG sources, sinks and reservoirs (SSRs) relevant to the project and baseline scenario, monitoring, quantifying, documenting and reporting GHG project performance and managing data quality.

The ISO 14060 family is GHG program neutral. If a GHG program applies, its requirements are additional to the ISO 14060 family’s requirements.

ISO 14064-3 – Greenhouse Gases – Part 3: Specification with Guidance for Verifying and Validating Greenhouse Gas Statements

ISO 14064-3 specifies principles, requirements and guidance for verifying and validating organization, project and product greenhouse gas (GHG) statements. The ISO 14060 family is GHG program neutral.

If a GHG program applies, its requirements are additional to the ISO 14060 family’s requirements.

ISO 14065 – General Principles and Requirements for Bodies Validating and Verifying Environmental Information

ISO 14065 specifies principles and requirements for bodies validating and verifying environmental information statements. Any program requirements related to bodies are additional to this document’s requirements.

ISO 14065 is a sector application of ISO/IEC 17029, which contains general principles and requirements for the competence, consistent operation and impartiality of bodies performing validation/verification as conformity assessment activities. The document includes sector-specific requirements in addition to ISO/IEC 17029’s requirements.

ISO 14066 – Environmental Information – Competence Requirements for Teams Validating and Verifying Environmental Information

ISO 14066 applies to organizations that plan and conduct external or internal validations, verification and agreed-upon procedures (AUP).

The document is not linked to any specific environmental information program. If a particular environmental information program applies, its competence requirements are additional to those in this document. Management process requirements for personnel competence are specified in ISO 14065, 7.3.

ISO 14067 – Greenhouse Gases – Carbon Footprint of Products – Requirements and Guidelines for Quantification

ISO 14067 specifies the principles, requirements and guidelines for quantifying and reporting the carbon footprint of a product (CFP) that are consistent with international life cycle assessment (LCA) standards, namely ISO 14040 and ISO 14044. The global standard is for partial CFP and applies to CFP studies, the results of which provide the basis for different applications.

ISO 14067 only addresses a single impact category – climate change. Carbon offsetting and communicating the CFP or partial CFP information are outside its scope. It does not assess any social, economic or other environmental aspects and impacts that potentially arise from a product’s life cycle.

ISO 14068-1 – Climate Change Management, Transition to Net Zero – Part 1: Carbon Neutrality

ISO 14068-1 is the globally recognized standard for climate change management and transitioning to low greenhouse gas (GHG) emission activities. Built upon and replacing PAS 2060 (carbon neutrality), ISO 14068-1 specifies principles, requirements and guidance for achieving and demonstrating carbon neutrality through quantifying, reducing and offsetting your carbon footprint.

The global standard provides a methodology for assessing carbon neutrality, ensuring that efforts are true, fair, science-based and transparent. It also unites carbon neutral and net zero to remove doubt and provides a defined structure that supports the journey to carbon neutral/net zero.

ISO 14068-1 builds upon existing GHG quantification, reporting, validation and verification standards, including ISO 14064-1, ISO 14064-3 and ISO 14067.

ISO/TR 14069 – Greenhouse Gases – Quantifying and Reporting GHG Emissions for Organizations – Guidance for Applying ISO 14064-1

ISO/TR 14069 describes the principles, concepts and methods for quantifying and reporting direct and indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for an organization. It provides guidance for applying ISO 14064-1 to GHG inventories at organization level, for quantifying and reporting direct emissions, indirect energy emissions and others.

ISO/TS 14071 – Environmental Management – Life Cycle Assessment – Critical Review Processes and Reviewer Competencies: Additional Requirements and Guidelines to ISO 14044

ISO/TS 14071 provides additional specifications to ISO 14040 and ISO 14044, including requirements and guidelines for critically reviewing any life cycle assessment (LCA) study and the competencies required.

ISO/TS 14072 – Environmental Management – Life Cycle Assessment – Requirements and Guidelines for Organizational Life Cycle Assessment

ISO/TS 14072 provides additional requirements and guidelines for effectively applying ISO 14040 and ISO 14044 to organizations. The technical specification details:

  1. Applying life cycle assessment (LCA) principles and methodology to organizations
  2. The LCA benefits to organizations using such methodology at organizational level
  3. The system boundary
  4. The specific considerations dealing with life cycle inventory (LCI), life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) and interpretation
  5. The limitations regarding reporting, environmental declarations and comparative assertions

ISO/TR 14073 – Environmental Management – Water Footprint – Illustrative Examples of Applying ISO 14046

ISO/TR 14073 provides illustrative examples of how to apply ISO 14046 to assess the water footprint of products, processes and organizations based on life cycle assessment (LCA). The examples demonstrate particular aspects of applying ISO 14046 but not all details of a water footprint study report required by ISO 14046.

ISO 14080 – Greenhouse Gas Management and Related Activities – Framework and Principles for Methodologies on Climate Actions

ISO 14080 provides a framework of guidelines and principles for establishing approaches and processes to:

  1. Identify, assess and revise methodologies
  2. Develop methodologies
  3. Manage methodologies

The document applies to actions to address climate change, including adaptation to its impacts and greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation to support sustainability. Such actions can be used for projects, organizations, jurisdictions, economic sectors, technologies, products, policies, programs and non-governmental activities. It does not create guidance for a specific methodology.

ISO 14001-14020 ISO 14021-14040 ISO 14041-14060 ISO 14061-14080 ISO 14081-14099

ISO 14090 – Adaptation to Climate Change – Principles, Requirements and Guidelines

ISO 14090 specifies the principles, requirements and guidelines for adaptation to climate change. This includes integrating adaptation in or across organizations, understanding impacts and uncertainties and how these can inform decisions. The document can support developing sector-, aspect- or element-specific climate change adaptation standards.

ISO 14091 – Adaptation to Climate Change – Guidelines on Vulnerability, Impacts and Risk Assessment

ISO 14091 provides guidelines for assessing the risks related to climate change’s potential impacts. It describes how to understand vulnerability and develop and implement a sound risk assessment, as well as assessing present and future climate change risks. Risk assessment according to this document provides a basis for climate change adaptation planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation for any organization.

ISO/TS 14092 – Adaptation to Climate Change – Requirements and Guidance on Adaptation Planning for Local Governments and Communities

ISO/TS 14092 specifies requirements and guidance on adaptation planning for local governments and communities. The document supports them in adapting to climate change based on vulnerability, impacts and risk assessments. Working with relevant parties, it also supports the setting of priorities and developing and updating an adaptation plan.

ISO 14097 – Greenhouse Gas Management and Related Activities – Assessing and Reporting Investments and Financing Activities Related to Climate Change

ISO 14097 specifies a general framework, including principles, requirements and guidance, for assessing measuring, monitoring and reporting investments and financing activities relating to climate change and transitioning to a low-carbon economy. The document applies to financiers, such as investors and lenders. It guides their reporting activities to shareholders, clients, policymakers, financial supervisory authorities and non-governmental organizations.

ISO 14001-14020 ISO 14021-14040 ISO 14041-14060 ISO 14061-14080 ISO 14081-14099

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