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SAFEGUARDS | Food NO. 207/15

In December 2015, the European Union announced Commission Implementing Regulations (EU) 2015/2033 [1] renewing the approval of the active substance 2,4-D in accordance with Regulation (EC) No. 1107/2009 [2] of the European Parliament and amending the Annex to Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No. 540/2011[3].

Plant protection products (PPPs)

Plant protection products are 'pesticides' that protect crops or desirable or useful plants.

They are primarily used in the agricultural sector but also in forestry, horticulture, amenity areas and in home gardens. They contain at least one active substance and have one of the following functions:

  • protect plants or plant products against pests/diseases, before or after harvest
  • influence the life processes of plants (such as substances influencing their growth, excluding nutrients)
  • preserve plant products
  • destroy or prevent growth of undesired plants or parts of plants

They may also contain other components including safeners and synergists. EU countries authorise plant protection products on their territory and ensure compliance with EU rules.

Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1107/2009

This Regulation lays down rules for the authorisation of plant protection products in commercial form and for their placing on the market, use and control within the Union. This Regulation increases the level of health and environmental protection, contributes to better protection of agricultural production, enlarges and consolidates the internal market for plant protection products. The approval of the active substance 2,4-D, as set out in Part A of the Annex to Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No. 540/2011 (2), expires on 31 December 2015.

The changes in the Commission Regulations (EU) No. 540/2011 of 13 November 2015 specifically relate to the list of approved active substance use in plant protection products. Details of the changes are shown follow

  • The approval of the active substance 2, 4-D, as specified in Annex I, is renewed subject to the conditions laid down in that Annex.
  • The Annex to Implementing Regulation (EU) No.540/2011 is amended in accordance with Annex II to this Regulation.
  1. In Part A, entry 27 on 2,4-D is deleted
  2. In Part B, the following entry is added

Annex I: The renew of the approve of active substance for use in plant protection

Compound name identification numbers IUPAC name Purity (1) Date of approval Expiration of approval Specific provisions

2,4-D
CAS n°: 94-75-7 CIPAC No: 1

(2,4-dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid

≥ 960 g/kg Impurities:

  • - Free phenols (expressed as 2,4-DCP): not more than 3 g/kg.
  • - Sum of dioxins and furans (WHO-TCDD TEQ)(2): not more than 0.01 mg/kg.
1 Jan 2016 31Dec 2030 Commission Regulation (EU) No. 2015/2033

(1) Further details on identity and specification of active substance are provided in the review report.

(2) Dioxins (sum of polychlorinated dibenzo-para-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), expressed as World Health Organisation (WHO) toxic equivalent (TEQ) using the WHO-toxic equivalency factors (WHO-TEFs)).

Annex II: The amendments in the Commission Regulations (EU) No. 540/2011

No. Compound name identification numbers IUPAC name Purity (1) Date of approval Expiration of approval Specific provisions
“94 2,4-D
CAS n°: 94-75-7 CIPAC No: 1
(2,4-dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid

≥ 960 g/kg Impurities:

  • - Free phenols (expressed as 2,4-DCP): not more than 3g/kg.
  • - Sum of dioxins and furans (WHO-TCDD TEQ)(*): not more than 0,01 mg/kg
1 Jan 2016 31Dec 2030 Commission Regulation (EU) No. 2015/2033

 

(*) Dioxins (sum of polychlorinated dibenzo-para-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), expressed as World Health Organisation (WHO) toxic equivalent (TEQ) using the WHO-toxic equivalency factors (WHO-TEFs)).’

Enforcement Action

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 2015/2033, of November 13 2015, shall enter into force on January 1 2016.

What do the changes mean for the food industry?

This update has the potential to affect manufacturers, importers or downstream users in the European Union (EU) as they need to follow the approved list of active substances for use in plant protection products of EU Plant Protection Products Regulations 540/2011, as outlined in Annex I and II 1. In addition, they must ensure compliance with the four new regulations, which came into force in January 2016.

SGS is committed to keeping you informed of regulation news and developments. Leveraging our global network of laboratories and food experts, SGS provides a comprehensive range of food safety and quality solutions, including analytical tests, audits, certifications, inspections, and technical support. We continually invest in our testing, capability, and state-of-the art technology to help you reduce risk, improve food safety and quality. For further more information, please visit our website: www.foodsafety.sgs.com.

For enquiries, please contact:

Supaporn Surawattanaboon
Research & Development Chemist
t: +66 26830541 ext 2128

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