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At the core of the green trend that currently dominates many industries lies the struggle to balance science and technology developments with the need to preserve human and environmental health.

To help achieve this balance, the governments of developed countries have initiated various “green” regulations like RoHS, End-of-Life Vehicles Regulation, SB20/50 and HR4040. These regulations set limits on the maximum concentration at which certain hazardous substances can be found in electrical and electronic products.

The Role of Green Inspection

Some of the most dangerous substances found in electrical and electronic equipment include: Lead (Pb), Cadmium (Cd), Mercury (Hg), Hexavalent Chromium (Cr6+), Polybrominated Biphenyls (PBB) and Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDE).

Green inspection programs represent one of the last chances to identify products containing hazardous substances before they enter the market. Many of these harmful substances, Lead (Pb), Cadmium (Cd), Mercury (Hg), Chromium (Cr), Bromine (Br), can be easily detected during green inspection procedures, through screening with portable XRF scanners.

Why Green Inspection is Important

Eco-regulations and programs such as green inspections protect consumers from coming in contact with substances that may pose a serious threat to their health. The threat posed by unsafe electronics is usually taken lightly by consumers, as it can be hard to understand how substances found deep within a piece of equipment can hurt us.

Hazardous substances in E&E products act more subtly and over a long period of time. Lead found in electronic products comes back to affect us mainly when the product becomes e-waste. However, it doesn’t only affect one person but larger groups and even entire communities. E-waste can release harmful toxins which are then absorbed into the soil and groundwater and into our food. This is just one of the many reasons why manufacturers and importers must make sure they know what substances are found in their products and components.

Here is a list of chemicals used in E&E products and their effects on human health:

SubstanceEffect on human health
Lead Headache, dizziness, constipation, tiredness, anemia, metal smell in mouth, discharge, weakness, high blood pressure, insomnia, poor memory, arthralgia, dyspepsia
Mercury Headache, cool stomach, fever, weakness, discharge, acute gastroenteritis, cardiovascular disease, kidney disease. Mercury is also non-biodegradable and is highly pollutant.
Cadmium Liver and kidney diseases, emphysema, bronchitis, imbalance secretions, lack of appetite, insomnia. Cadmium also influences the function of other useful elements and causes imbalance of Cd and Zn.
Chromium (Cr6+)
Carcinogenic, causes bowel pain PBB & PBDE Immunity system failures, goiter, loss of memory, stiff arthrosis

Ensure that your products do not contain dangerous substances. Learn more about Green Inspection.

For more information, please contact:

Richard Zheng
Hardlines Inspection
SGS Electrical and Electronics

t: +86 21 61072916

About SGS

The SGS Group is the global leader and innovator in inspection, verification, testing and certification services. Founded in 1878, SGS is recognized as the global benchmark in quality and integrity. With more than 56,000 employees, SGS operates a network of over 1,000 offices and laboratories around the world.