EU-Wide Meat Testing Proposed For Horse DNA
February 20, 2013
Since the detection of horsemeat in beef burgers by Irish food inspectors last month, the scandal has now spread to 13 European countries. Retailers have removed frozen beef burgers from their shelves as concern over the contamination and the origin of the horsemeat has escalated. Other products like Bolognese sauces, lasagna and cottage pies have also been withdrawn from sale as the product supply lines were found to contain horsemeat.
Unlike recent food safety scandals concerning dioxin, BSE, melamine and dicyandiamide, the detection of horsemeat in beef burgers is not considered for now to be a food-safety issue. The problem is more a fraudulent misuse of the labeling system for economic gain. Misleading the consumer in this way is in contravention of European legislation. A criminal investigation will be coordinated by Europol.
If food safety is not directly involved, it may well be an indirect issue. The fear is that horses used previously in sports could have entered the food supply chain; meaning that the veterinary drug phenylbutazone, which is used as a sedative for horses not destined for human consumption, could have contaminated some meat products and therefore result in harm to human health. With this possibility, as well as other questions concerning the origins of the horsemeat, this labeling fraud also becomes a food-safety issue.
It is clear now that this is an EU-wide problem needing an EU-wide solution. The Authorities have decided that 2500 tests of processed beef products will be analyzed for horse DNA in March and will be reported in April. In addition, 4000 samples of horsemeat will be analyzed for phenylbutazone. This measure could take a further two months. Ministers of Public Health have agreed that the European Commission recommendation on labeling the origin of all processed meat, should be accelerated and published as soon as possible.
SGS has state of the art laboratories in Germany, France, Bulgaria and other countries globally which are equipped and strategically located to provide independent analytical services. Species detection and identification of species contaminants including pork, beef, horse, duck, turkey and chicken meat are performed. Food safety analysis related to medication residues and markers (phenylbutazone “bute”, anti-coccidials and other potentially harmful veterinary drugs), are also performed by highly qualified experts.
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